Are you about to start working on planning your Ph.D. thesis writing? If yes, you must know that forgetting about the research methodology can badly harm your thesis. The methodology is an important part of research where you talk about the chosen research methods and the reason behind their choice. Choosing a research methodology is also on challenging thing. It is because the whole of your Ph.D. thesis writing depends on the successful selection of a research method. Also, it is ultimately the research methods that yield results. Therefore, you must be careful about choosing a methodology.

Many students underestimate this section. They think they can also use the methodology that previous researchers have used. Such students fail badly in their Ph.D. thesis writing because of this underestimation. It is why today’s article is all about choosing a methodology that is a fit for your thesis. There will be a mention of all the points that can help you in this matter. So, let’s start our discussion with the following question:

How to choose the best research methodology?

Conducting perfect research is the requirement of a Ph.D. degree. Choosing the right research methodology is one step that you take to fulfill this requirement. So, you must select it after considering some factors. A brief description of all those factors is as follows:

Nature of your research

The first and the most important thing to do is determine the nature of your research. You must know whether it is a quantitative, qualitative, or mixed-method study. Knowing this is very important because every research type has its own set of methods that you can use. The research questions, aims, and objectives also come under the nature of research.

Norms of the research area

Norms of the research area mean that you should also consider the approaches that are being used in that particular area. To do so, you should read and explore the previously published material. Reading that material lets you know the hot methods that other researchers are using to research. Please note that doing this does not mean that you should also follow the same herd. You should read the already published material to get an idea of the methods.

Practicalities of the methodology

Every research methodology is not perfect for every kind of research. A methodology may be hot in your research area, but it cannot answer your research questions. There are some practical hindrances due to which you cannot use that methodology. Therefore, it is important to consider the practicalities of the methodology when choosing it. Otherwise, using a research methodology will be of no benefit no matter how popular it is.


A research methodology is the element of a Ph.D. thesis that answers all the research questions. It fulfills the research aims and objectives. Therefore, you must be careful in choosing it. The steps mentioned above can help you a lot in searching for a suitable methodology. Therefore, read this article with full attention.

A Review On "Research Proposal: Academic Writing Guide for Graduate Students"
Research Proposal: Academic Writing Guide for Graduate Students (Essay and Thesis Writing) is a short guide to developing your research proposal. Dr Grant Andrews, an academic writing teacher, wrote the handbook to simplify research proposal writing. If you're working on a Master's or a doctorate thesis, you'll need to submit a thorough research proposal before your research may be authorised. In this quick guide, you'll learn the fundamental components of a research proposal.

Research proposal writing might be perplexing, and it isn't easy to obtain plain, straightforward directions on what to incorporate in your proposal. There are many dissertation proposal writing services available that can help you write research proposals. However, this book will help you start your academic writing journey on the proper foot, whether you're writing an essay, a Master's thesis, or a PhD thesis. The purpose of this article is to critically review the fundamental components of the book Research Proposal: Academic Writing Guide for Graduate Students.

Contents of the Book

The book consists of the following components:
  • Introduction
  • The Purpose of a Proposal
  • Motivation for Your Research
  • Methodology
  • Literature Review
  • Research Plan and Bibliography
  • Things to Remember

How to Write the Purpose of Your Study in a Research Proposal?

In the Academic Writing Guide, Dr Andrews emphasises that a thesis must present a novel idea or contribute to a better understanding of current research in some way. A Master's thesis typically requires you to demonstrate that you are knowledgeable about the topic and can explain complex concepts. For a doctorate, you must provide a novel idea that advances research somehow. At the initial stages, your proposal should depict the following three aspects:
  • The Importance of Your Research
  • Demonstration of advanced knowledge in your field of study
  • Outline of Your Research

How to outline the importance of your research?

You can accomplish this task by pointing out research gaps or areas that require further exploration. Then you must demonstrate how your research can help close those gaps or increase understanding somehow.

How to demonstrate advanced knowledge in your field of study?

You can achieve this task by demonstrating that you have done extensive research on the topic. You can present a quick literature review for a Master's thesis (two pages). According to the author of the Academic Writing Guide, a literature review for a PhD thesis should be between three to five pages. The literature review should encompass all of the essential ideas and references to the most renowned experts in your field. It should not be lengthy, but you should demonstrate that you have read at least all major scholarly works.

How to make an outline of your research?

According to the author of the Academic Writing Guide, your proposal should provide an outline of your research. You can complete this task by informing the readers about all of the stages of your research methodology. You should include all of the steps you'll take, how long they'll take, how you'll collect data, and any other features your study will entail. It is pertinent to delineate the ethical considerations as well. In the methodology part, write about your research timeline and the list of chapters.

Format of a Research Proposal

According to the Academic Writing Guide, a standard research proposal has the following structure:

Cover Page

The first thing to incorporate in a research proposal is information about the researcher. It must consist of the following:
  • Full Name
  • Student ID
  • Degree Type
  • Full Title of Your Study
  • Name of the University
  • Name of the Department
  • Supervisor's Name/Title
  • University's logo
  • A list of 5-10 keywords

Abstract/Executive Summary

The next thing to include in your research proposal as per the guidelines of the Academic Writing Guide is to write an abstract or summary. An abstract is a concise summary of your entire research. Your abstract might be anything from 150 to 400 words long, depending on the scope of your research topic. Try to be as succinct as possible. Mention all of the major themes you'll be discussing, as well as your key thesis statement. Here you should also include the main findings or your hypotheses/expectations.


The introduction section is important in the research proposal since it is the first impression that establishes the context of your research. Academic Writing Guide provides the following recommendations for writing the Introduction section:
  • Background knowledge of the topic
  • Thesis Statement
  • The length should be between half to full page
  • Overview of your research

Background of the Study

The background of the study in a research proposal is a justification for conducting the research. According to the Academic Writing Guide background of the study should talk about the following things:
  • Demonstrate a good grasp of the chosen subject and topic
  • Inform the readers about the existing body of knowledge
  • Identify the gaps in knowledge
  • Research background is not a literature review

Research Questions

Research questions are an integral component of a research proposal. In this section, you must include the following details:
  • Main Research question
  • Sub-questions
  • Devise solution-based questions
  • Develop practical and straightforward questions


Research methodology is a larger section of your research proposal. The methodology section consists of the following components:

Theoretical Framework

This section informs your readers about the theories that will guide your research. It establishes the context of your research and provides you with the perspective. Choose a theory that appears to be a good match for your study design.

Research Methods/Data collection

This section of your research proposal informs the readers about your research methodology to conduct your research. This part discusses how you'll conduct your research and gather the data. You must provide as much details as feasible regarding the measures you will take to complete your research. The rest of the research proposal must have the following components:
  • Ethical Considerations
  • Sample Collection/Participant Gathering
  • Literature Review
  • Research Plan and Bibliography


Academic Writing Guide is a comprehensive guidebook for writing a research proposal. Dr Andrews has skilfully covered every aspect of a research proposal. Students who have to write a research proposal for their Master's or PhD dissertation can overview this book. It will help formulate a research proposal that will be good enough for academic purposes.
Social Change in Community
“Education is for improving the lives of others.” Education is the key that brings changes within a community. It includes changes related to the economy, academics, and technology. Education is a powerful tool that brings permanent change. All other aspects that help in changing the society always works temporarily. To bring a change in the community, individual’s efforts do not work well. This is because it requires collective efforts. It also requires changes in personality, and in the attitude. Social changes in community create a vibe of positivity. This can be evident in the form of righteous decisions, and promotion of tolerance.

Education develops the ability to compete at a global level for your nation. And it’s only education that teaches you the difference between right and wrong. Its education that enables you to select the best leader for your country. An uneducated society ends up with anxiety, depression, and failure. At the same time, an educated society balances everything on ground realities.

The world has changed a great extent. And the reason behind this positive change in world is education. You can identify a clear difference between the educated, and uneducated sectors of any society. In this article, experts of have discussed how education can bring social change within the community in detail.

Promote Tolerance and Equality:

For social changes in community, tolerance is the very first demand. And education teaches you how to bring positivity, and humbleness within your nature. Its education that teaches you to compromise, and forgive others. These little positive acts play a major role regarding social change in the community. Once you bring tolerance within yourself, you will remain away from many crimes. By educating the society, crime rate can fall up to a great extent. In this context, education teaches the working for charity sectors, as well as the reduction of violence. To bring social changes within the community, it is very important to learn from past mistakes.

It is totally fine to commit mistakes. But the important point here is to learn from your mistakes. This caused stability within the society. Education helps you in exploring more and more throughout each sector. And this way, it becomes easy to find alternates for anything. For example, you started a business programme. And here you faced loss. Yet it does not mean that you have to give up. Its education keeps you motivated.

You critically analyse the whole process and identify the factors that caused failure. It will help you in learning how to avoid making similar mistakes in the future. Education helps you in holding on to different skills. You can clearly imagine whether an uneducated person can understand the social changes or not. For social changes in the community, it is important to give rights to everyone. Irrespective of gender, race, and colour, everyone deserves equal rights. Uneducated societies don’t bother understanding the minority groups. But educated society believes that majority and minority both have equal living rights. This is again a positive social change in community.

Election of the Right Leader

For a social change in community, a core demand is the supervision of right leader. A right leader can polish the whole society. In the same way, a bad leader can destroy the whole nation. And it is education that develops the sense of managing the manipulation of politicians. An educated person can evaluate in the best way who can run a nation through the best practices.

Enables Global Competition

Education teaches the skills that one needs for competing within the global market. Whenever a person represents his/her nation in the global market, it’s a proud moment for that nation. This way, it becomes a crucial reason for social change in community. It is important to work on advanced technology for competing within the global market as well. It is education, which has managed the travel through automated cars instead of animal carts. And this has caused a great social change in the community as well.

Also Read This: 10 Mistakes to Avoid in Your Reflective Report

Develop Positive Hope for the Future

For a social change to become evident in the community, hope is necessary. Its hope that keeps you motivated for hard work. Whenever you dream of something, you work towards achieving that goal/objective. And its education that fuels your hope for success in the end. You can see that every good social change in a community is linked to the aspect of education. Without education, society ends up with violence, as well as many more negative results. But education teaches you how to survive in a fail-safe manner.

Reflective report


Reflection is a healthy, and systematic process. It allows the teachers and learners in identifying their strengths and weaknesses. Reflection is beneficial in academics where one learns from experience. You can identify, and check your own professional knowledge. Reflection can help with this. According to Cambridge Assessment International Education, reflection helps in self-assessment. It also boosts innovation, and engagement within classrooms.

Students are often asked to write a reflective report. The reflective report is based on what they learned from prior experiences. Students reflect on their learning, and experiences within the classroom. Many reflection models and frameworks exist to guide learners. Yet many students make mistakes while writing a reflective report.

The firm of dissertation writing service has main question is how well, and how productive reflective practise really is. It depends on the way you perform, and convey it. Is it a representative of skilled creativity? Does it encourage critical self-awareness and embrace change and improvement? You should also highlight whether your reflective report is dull or not. You should carry out the reflective report critically.

In this article, we discuss some common mistakes. These are the ones that people make while writing a reflective report. Following are the 10 mistakes to avoid in your reflective report;

Length Of The Reflective Report

A typical reflective report must be between 300 to 700 words. It is short and not lengthy by any means. If you’re not sure about the word count, you can ask your guide. Ask a professor to help you out with an outline, and a word count threshold. Reflective reports should not be in the form of an essay.

Use Of Third Person Instead Of First

Many students confuse the reflective report with a research based one. Reflection is always about your own self. It’s about your own experience and encounters. Thus, you write a reflective report in the first person using “I”. But you have to avoid being too personal at the same time. Also, the sentence structure should contain a subject, and a verb. Sentence fragmentation should not occur either.

Not Appealing Introduction

A weak introduction does not look appealing in any reflective report. The introduction part should be strong. It should describe your expectations, and present a scenario. Choose one or two aspects of your experience. You should mention them within the introduction.

Not Following A Model/Framework

Many students fail to write a good reflective report. It happens because they skip using a guide, or outline. A model or framework of reflection should guide you. Gibbs, Kolb’s, Schon’s, and John’s models of reflection are some frameworks. These are used by learners to write their reflective reports. Suppose you don’t use an appropriate model of reflection. In this case, you cannot write a structured reflective report. It will also make you lose marks. Hence you should follow the right guide. You should also prepare an outline of the report beforehand.


Skipping A Thesis Statement

The opening, and thesis statement are critical. When you conclude the introduction, you have to present your thesis statement. Thesis statement helps the reader in knowing what your aims are. It works as a transitioning sentence. It’s a short description of your expectations. It highlights whether your expectations were met or not. Similarly, the opening paragraph should be appealing. It should not be monotonous.

Less Reflection, More Description

Reflection is not simply a description. In a reflective report, you reflect on your experience. Do this by critically analysing each aspect of your personal encounter. It involves both good and bad experiences. You should not only write about what you learned, and how you learned it. It’s about evaluating, and commenting on what you learned. You need to analyse your experience for the readers to know what you gained, or lost. You should evaluate your experience without being judgmental. You should also convey honest, and accurate information to the reader.
Unprofessional Tone

Even if you are writing a reflective report, you must remain organised. You should not deviate from a professional tone. The report should look like it’s written for academic purposes. You should keep your thoughts structured, and organised. Your content should be logical, and in order too. Don’t skip your thesis and arguments. Arguments form an important part of any reflective report. You’re not only describing, but also critically evaluating your experience. Thus, a professional reflective report would follow a proper layout.

Not Using Transitions And Connection

Use of transition sentences between paragraphs is crucial. It’s important to use transition sentences to maintain a flow. Transitional phrases help readers understand how one thought links to another. It helps in the understanding, and making of a link between the thought and conclusion. Clarify your connections as per your learning, and development. You should add connections between the applied theory, and practice.

Being Too Personal

Despite the fact that it’s a reflective report, you have to avoid being too personal. The CEO of PhD dissertation writing services firm said that remember that you’re writing a reflective report for academic purposes. It’s not a letter to a friend, or family member. You have to avoid using insights, or unstructured thoughts. Keep it short and concise, but understandable. Giving personal accounts will make you lose marks.

Incomplete Conclusion

Draw specific, precise, and concrete details in the conclusion section. Many students skip a conclusion. They also fail to summarise what they mentioned in the body paragraphs. A complete conclusion contains details of both findings, as well as evaluations. Whatever you discuss in the body paragraphs make up a summarised conclusion.


These are the top 10 mistakes that learners often commit. You can use this guide to avoid making mistakes in your reflective report. To write an A-grade Reflective report, it is essential to prepare an outline. Use a model, or framework as a guide to help with the report. You should also take help from your professor or classmates. Avoid using any slang language within the reflective report. You should proofread, and edit your content before the final submission. It should be jargon-free. The content should not contain any redundancies either. A clear and concise reflective report does not only impress the reader. But it also ensures how that reflection would help you improve in the future.
Assessments Writing

Students need to know that they can prepare the best way for their assessment in order to achieve highest marks in class if they are careful and they know how things are done that impress the teachers. no matter in which part of the world students live or study, assessment are the most important part of their academic life and if they fail to succeed in their assessment, the whole purpose of studying and trying to excel simply fails.

There are so many times that students work hard and try to do things exactly the way teachers ask them to but in the end it becomes a problem for them when they are unable to secure highest marks in their assessment and it deprives them of their future goals and aspirations. This often occurs when students fail to bring a change in their routine and give their assessments the important they should because assessments are different from their daily routine tests and must be taken seriously. This article is a guide by PhD dissertation writing services for students as it helps them understand how they should prepare the right way for their assessment so that they can achieve best results in class and move forward most easily.

The first and the most important thing that students need to know when it comes to working on their assessments is that they should begin preparing some weeks or it would be better if months before. They will know when their assessment will take place so it is best that they are ready for it and start studying extra in their daily routine because it will give them a chance to relax in the end when others usually panic because they do not know what to do.

Assessments Writing 1

Another thing that can help students do well in their assessment is changing their routine a bit and making more time for studies and giving up their outings or recreation time. This will be for a short time only but it will go a long way in helping them achieve the best results in class because too many things going on at the same time will only create problems for students and they will not be able to focus. Students have limited time to study in their daily life and if they keep on studying in it, they will not be able to revise their course or prepare the best way for their assessment so it is best they start to make more time and study well for a better outcome.

There are so many times when students have to suffer from lesser marks just because they failed to focus on some aspects of their education that were very important. The best way to rule out this is to make sure that they sit down and make a list of what are the important parts of their assignment help education they need to focus on and give them time so that they are ready to anything that comes their way.
PhD Dissertation
Completing a dissertation within the given time is considered the most challenging task. Keeping your writing and research organized, and perfect in a limited time is exhausting and tiring. That is why many PhD scholars left their dissertations in the middle of their research. But now technology has made things easier for everyone. There are now multiple tools and software available that make research and dissertation writing very easy and comfortable. PhD scholars can use the below-mentioned tools shared by PhD dissertation writing services for making their dissertation writing easy and perfect.

JABREF for Referencing:

Referencing is the most vital part of a dissertation and saves the researcher from plagiarism. It is open-source software. It helps in managing references and the full text of papers. It has the option of using more than fifteen different referencing formats. It is easier to use. Users can easily save and link articles. Users can fetch complete bibliographic information by using JABREF. Users can directly import new references from the web. It helps in completing and improving bibliographic data. It can auto-rename and move the related files. Users can also make customized rules for naming and moving files. Users can customize the metadata fields and reference types. The research in JABEF is grouped in categorized collections. Based on keywords and tags it also organized the articles. It contains advanced options for search and filter. It also keeps track of user reading.

Statistical Analysis Tools:

You will require statistical analysis programming to finish that theory or dissertation, and as an academic, examine your information and produce compositions. Numerous doctoral projects train their students utilizing IBM's SPSS. There is plenty of manuals, print and on the web, to assist you with getting conversant in SPSS. New forms are delivered consistently, and students can buy SPSS reasonably (read more beneath). Notwithstanding, for the individuals who like to code and utilize sentence structure R and Stata might be seriously difficult and agreeable to utilize.

PDF Reader/Convertor:

During research and data gathering you will be downloading different articles and reading materials that are mostly in Pdf format. So there must be a tool that helps you to organize, edit, and save your pdf files. The best tool for this purpose is the Sejda Pdf organizer. This app makes pdf documents editing very easy. It has more than thirty tools for editing and managing pdfs. By using this app, you can visually combine multiple files, reorder the pages, and merge different files. Substitute and blend odd and even pages from isolated records. Split records by pages. Concentrate separate records. Split by size, bookmarks, or text events. Separation two-page design checks. Convert PDF documents to Word, Excel, and picture. Convert pictures to PDF records.

Survey Tools:

Sooner or later, you will survey your research. These survey tools help you suspect that information just as gauge and break down the outcomes. The two of them permit you to fare to statistical analysis programming and have various degrees of usefulness and value. Ensure your university doesn't have a permit before you spend your cash on these tools. Survey Monkey may be more available for fledgelings however, Qualtrics isn't hard to utilize. You may even check Google forms out for fast, essential surveys of students or another more modest gathering of respondents. Google form is a free tool. It is a very effective and productive tool that researchers prefer for online surveys.

It provides ease and takes less time for gathering information and data from individuals and organizations. The researcher or students only need to have a Google account. Like Google Docs and Google Slides, Google Forms can also be saved online and accessed from anywhere. The graphical user interface of Google forms is very easy. The form you will see at the time of creation is the same as the form that will be shown to the individuals and organizations. The logical threading in google forms is very easy as based on the answer of the previous question you the survey changes. You can directly get the email about the responses of your survey.

Graphic Tools:

Your composing may require graphics, outlines, and charts. A few students depend on the tools local to Microsoft items, but there are many advanced tools as well. Furthermore, they make making graphics to help your composing simpler and look more expert. Stephanie particularly suggests Canva. She found it when her students continued referencing that they were utilizing it to make graphics, pamphlets, and other outlined items for social arrangement backing class. It is really simple to utilize and the library of pictures is incredible. You can make business cards, online media posts, infographics, and handouts.

The Bottom Line:

Finishing your dissertation or postulation implies a ton of time, exertion, and difficult work. There's no alternate way of making a course for research achievement, yet similarly, as with anything, there are approaches to improve the cycle and work more brilliantly.
Android Apps for Algebra
In student life, the most difficult section of maths book was algebra. A lot of formulas, equations, and the unknown value of ‘x' make us hate algebra. But now algebra must not be a problem for students because now they have the biggest solution to all problems that is advanced technology. You can find millions of apps, videos, and tools that can help students to learn and solve difficult algebra questions. All the solutions are now at the fingertips of students. Today experts of a dissertation writing service will provide you with a review of the top android apps that are very useful in learning algebra.

Wolfram Alpha:
Wolfram Alpha app is an awesome algebra learning and problem-solving app. it not only provides the solution to the students' algebra-related questions but also shows step by step solution that makes it easy for a student to understand the solution. This app provides the solution for all types of algebra questions including college algebra. It is available for both Android and iPhone, but it is a paid app.

The Fun Way to Learn Algebra:
Like the name of the app The Fun Way to Learn Algebra, algebra learning can become fun for you by using the app. This app helps students to learn algebra through video demonstration. The videos show step-by-step solutions for questions, which make it easy for students, especially; for visual learners to easily learn algebra. It has both free and pro versions and is available for both Android and iPhone.

Math with Your Friends:
Sometimes you just need a company for practicing math problems. But practicing on your notebook is no fun. Math with your friend is an app that adds fun to math practice. It is an educational versatile game. It has four options. You can play alone, or you can play with your teacher, or a friend, or any random person who is online and using the app. you can play with tiles that show numbers and symbols (+, -,/, *, and +), rather than letters. What's more, rather than shaping words, you need to make mathematical equations utilizing the tiles and afterward, score focuses. Math with Your Friends has an implicit visit. You can likewise acquire coins and get things bothered up utilizing the Challenger mode. It's an extraordinary ice-breaker game that will in any case instruct you to get more acquainted with algebraic equations.

Graphing Calculator:
This is the most favorite and popular app among STEM students. It is just one calculator that can solve all types of your Maths questions. It's effectively a standout amongst other algebra applications, particularly for STEM students. Other than having a general calculator application, it additionally accompanies a solver for algebraic, quadratic, 2-variable direct, and polynomial equations. It can also solve Sin, Cos, Ln, E, and similar equations. You can make 2d charts, measurement records, and lattices too. It has a very user-friendly interface. Graphing calculator is not difficult to use and is extremely advantageous for college students. It certainly has a great deal to bring to the table than the physical, graphical calculators. It has both free and pro versions and is available for both Android and iPhones.

Like Quora, Brainly is a platform where anyone can ask Maths questions and get an answer from anyone. There are many certified experts and specialists about the subject who can answer your queries. In Brainly, you can hope to find speedy solutions. With 200 million individuals on the site, you can get some information about anything, not simply algebraic equations—you can get some information about History, Geography, Chemistry, Physics, Philosophy, and surprisingly those things that keep you up around evening time. On this application, the student can even turn into an expert. You can help your junior students with their schoolwork by giving them answers. What's more, you will not do it for anything—you will procure focuses en route. Brainly is free, however, if you need a greater amount of the great stuff, you can buy into Brainly Plus.

This app provides learning material and solutions to all problems related to basic algebraic concepts, algebraic expressions, theorems, algebraic functions, quadratic, absolute, square root, and linear functions. Any student from high school to college can use this app. it has both free and pro versions for android and iPhone.

Socratic is currently the hottest and popular app among students. It is powered by Google Artificial Intelligence which uses text and speech recognition. It provides videos, recordings, visual exercises, and images for algebra, trigonometry, calculus, geometry, biology, physics, chemistry, poetry, literature, and many more.