When students are asked to write a PhD dissertation, the first thing that comes to the minds of the students is how to structure the dissertation and how to the breakdown word count of the dissertation. Its reason is that the structure of a dissertation is different from other academic papers. Moreover, a dissertation is also divided into different chapters. Most of the students don’t know how many words are included in the different chapters of the dissertation. Here, we will provide a general guide about the PhD dissertation word count and structure.


1) Preliminary pages

In the structure of the PhD dissertation, first of all, there come preliminary pages. These preliminary pages include specific information about the dissertation. The first preliminary page is a title page and it includes information about dissertation title, student’s name, supervisor’s name and department’s name etc. Second is known as acknowledgement page in which students have to thank all the people who are remained helpful for him while writing the dissertation. The third is abstract which provides a short summary of the dissertation. Fourth is a table of contents which provides an overview of the list of headings and sub-headings along with page numbers. In a similar way, students have to write a list of tables, list figures and glossary etc. 

2) Introduction

After preparing the preliminary pages of the dissertation, you have to compose the introductory section of the dissertation. The length of the introductory section of the dissertation is 10% of the length of the whole dissertation. It means that in 10,000 words dissertation, the word count for the introductory section should be 1000 words. In a similar way, you can adjust the word count of the introductory section of the dissertation accordingly. In this essential chapter of the dissertation, it is necessary for us to establish the research work and to provide necessary background information about the research topic. 

3) Literature review

To write a dissertation, we have to gather data from different resources. The literature review chapter of the dissertation provides us with a chance to critically analyze all of these resources. The length of the literature review chapter of the dissertation is 30%. It means that in 10,000 words dissertation, the word count for the literature review chapter of the dissertation should be 3000. Anyhow, you can adjust the length of the literature review chapter accordingly. 

4) Research methodology

The research methodology is also an essential chapter of your dissertation. In the research methodology chapter of the dissertation, you should try to provide an overview of the overall approach and type of research, possible methods of the data collection and possible methods to analyze the data. The length of the research methodology chapter of a dissertation should be 15%. It means that if you are going to write a dissertation of 10,000 words, the research methodology chapter of your dissertation should be 1500 words. You can also adjust word cont for the research methodology chapter of your dissertation accordingly. 

5) Findings

Results or findings is also an essential chapter of the dissertation. Its reason is that in the results or findings section of the dissertation, you have to write all of those findings that you have found while conducting effective research for your dissertation. While presenting results in the findings section of the dissertation, you can also use tables, figures, charts and graphs. The length of the findings section of the dissertation should be 5%. It means in 10,000 words dissertation, the findings section of the dissertation should consist of 500 words. 

6) Discussion 

Discussion is also an essential chapter of the PhD dissertation and it is also known as the lengthiest chapter of the dissertation along with literature review. The discussion chapter of the dissertation provides you with a platform to explore the meanings of your dissertation by relating the key results or key findings with the main objectives and hypothesis of the dissertation. The length of the discussion chapter of a dissertation is also 30%. It means that in 10,000 words dissertation, the length of the discussion chapter should be 3000 words. 

7) Conclusions

The last chapter of the dissertation is known as the conclusion chapter. In the concluding section of the dissertation, you have to summarize all the main points of your dissertation. The length of the concluding chapter of the dissertation should be 10%. It means that in 10,000 words dissertation, the concluding section of the dissertation should consist of 1000 words. 

8) References section

To write a dissertation, you have to gather data from different resources. It is necessary for you to provide references for these resources in the references section of the dissertation. It will save you dissertation from the plagiarism issues. 
There are many ways to boost your productivity, but the easiest way is taking breaks. If you want to boost your productivity, you need to stop studying in long shifts. Taking breaks release your mental stress and gives you relaxation; a relaxed and stress-free mind can become more productive and smart than the disturbed mind. It is very wondering that taking 10 minutes can boost your confidence and concentration on studies. Taking short breaks to increase your energy and long-time study creates the feeling of boredom. The main problem of lack of concentration is long shifts of study.


Improves Meditation And Center Of Attention

The long-time study can take a roll on your cognition; indeed, it can cause your mental fatigue. For example, if a student is studying from 5 hours then he will feel tired and his tiredness will cause of lack of concentration. In a long-time study, you will not able to focus on the main points. Taking short breaks in the studying schedule will improve your concentration and you can study bitterly. If you will be relaxed, you will be able to stop making mistakes in your writing. Although, writing a dissertation is tough task, because, it is a lengthy piece of writing, however, taking short breaks will release your stress and you will be able to write an amazing and error-free dissertation.

Breaks Are Memory Boosters

Modern study has proved that taking proper sleep improves the memory level of a person. Same case taking breaks in study improve memory level of a student. Most people advice to study in the morning time, because, we feel that in morning time our mind is relaxed and fresh. Same, if you are working in front of a computer for 2 hours then you should take little breaks in order to do high-quality work. If you want to improve your memory level then you should take short breaks. Don’t study in long shifts.

Source Of Creativity And Productivity 

As we know that meditation, walking, reading in front of the water and some other activities improves the performance of any person. If you are feeling difficult to any question and you not focusing on it, you should take a short break. You will be amused that after that short break you can find the answer to that question. So, it is proved that taking short breaks improves productivity. You can become more productive and more creative by taking breaks in your work. It does not matter where you are working in office, at home, in school or in any industry taking breaks is most essential, you should not continuously work , take a breaks after 1 or 2 hour working , if you are unable to take a long breaks you should take 5 minutes to break in order to stay calm and relax. 

Can Help You Weight Loss 

As we have discussed in the above lines that taking breaks can improve your productivity, concentration and creativity, so it can help you to lose your weight. If you are sitting for a whole day then you will become healthy and fat. You should not sit for a long time in order to stay smart. A person should walk on a daily basis. You should walk 10,000 steps in order to burn those calories which are the cause of fatness. 

It’s Nourishment For Your Brain

Yes, of course, eating healthy meals is good for our immune system and eating fruits and vegetables gives us fitness. Eating well is the food of body and stay relaxed is the food of mind. So, avoid stress and tension in order to stay healthy and young. Taking short breaks re-energize you and you will be able to concentrate on your studies. Taking short breaks reduces the chances of incident in the place of job. On the other hand, if you are a student and you are taking short breaks then you will not make any mistake in your assignments. So, you should follow this useful and amazing tip in order to gain success in your academic year.

Help You Meet New People 

If you are working at any place and you are taking short breaks, then you will able to meet new people. In the critical and stressful situation, you will not feel comfortable and you will not enjoy a fresh environment, therefore, in order to enjoy your life and meet with new people, you should take short breaks. To conclude, we can suggest that don’t prefer to long period of study, take short breaks in order to become more productive.
The purpose of academic writing is to aid the understanding of the writers. That’s why academic writing is clear, concise and focused on the main topic or issue. Moreover, it is also backed up by the evidence. While writing an academic paper, it is also necessary for you that you should have a formal style and tone. Its reason is that if you try to make your writing complex by using complicated vocabulary and long sentences, you will not be able to get the attention of the readers. Here, we will discuss all the academic writing that you should need to know.


Types of academic writing

There are four main types of academic writing. All of these types of academic writing have specific features and purposes. These types of academic writing are explained below;

1) Descriptive

If you are looking for the simplest form of academic writing, descriptive writing is the best choice for you. The main purpose of descriptive writing is to describe something by providing the necessary facts and information. The summary of an article or the report of an experiment comes into descriptive writing. 

2) Analytical

While writing an academic paper by adopting analytical writing, you will have to include descriptive writing. In the descriptive writing, you just need to describe facts and figures. On the other hand, in analytical writing, you have to organize these facts and figures in different groups, parts and categories. You can adapt this kind of academic writing when you are asked to write an academic paper by analyzing, comparing or examining the issues. 

3) Persuasive

In persuasive writing, you have to include one more step than analytical writing. While writing an academic paper by adopting persuasive writing, you have to include all the features of analytical writing and additionally, you have to present your own point of view while writing an academic paper by adopting persuasive writing. 

4) Critical 

If you are going to write a research paper, undergraduate academic papers or postgraduate academic papers, it is necessary for you to adopt critical academic writing. The main features of critical academic writing are that you have to summarize all the parts of your work accurately, you have to present your opinions about the work and you have to present evidence and examples in the support of your point of views.

Tips to start writing an academic paper

While writing an academic paper, you should select one of these academic writing styles. After selecting one of these academic writing styles, you should follow these essential tips:

1) Follow the instructions of the assignment

Before commencing the academic writing task, it is necessary for you to follow the instructions of the assignment. These instructions will provide you with an idea of what to write in your academic paper. While reading these requirements, you should try to note down all the essential requirements of academic writing. While reading these requirements, if you don’t understand some specific requirements of your academic paper, you can contact with your advisor and ask him for the clarification. 

2) Research your topic

To write an academic paper, there requires data and information. The best way to gather enough data and information for your academic paper is to conduct effective research. Some essential tips to conduct research for your academic paper are to take advantage of the school, college or university resources in order to build bibliography of your assignment, you should try to choose such resources to gather the data for your academic paper that are authentic and reliable for the audience members and you should read these resources critically in order to gather the data for your academic paper.

3) Construct your academic paper

After gathering enough data for your academic paper, you are in the best position to construct your academic paper. For this reason, first of all, you should try to create a thesis statement. Secondly, you should prepare an outline of the main points of your academic paper. Thirdly, you should present your arguments in detail. Fourthly, you should state each argument of your academic paper with the help of best examples and evidence. At last, you should try to create a monument of your academic paper by following the professional structure and format. 

4) Polish your academic paper

After creating the first draft of your academic paper, the next step is to polish your academic paper. For this reason, after creating the first draft of your academic paper, you should try to take a break for a while and try to look at your paper with a fresh mind. Secondly, you should read the draft of your academic paper and make sure that you have written your academic paper by following all the requirements and guidelines. Thirdly, you should try to check the tone and language of your academic paper. At last, you should make sure that your academic paper should be free from all the grammar, spelling and punctuation mistakes. 

Prepare the outline of your academic paper

While creating a monument of your academic paper, it is also necessary for you to prepare an outline of your academic paper. This outline should include all the main points of your academic paper that are necessary to include in your academic paper. If you write an academic paper by following this outline, you will not forget any main point of your academic paper. On the other hand, if you are going to write an academic paper without following an outline, there is a possibility that you may forget some essential points of your academic paper. 

Importance of references

As we have discussed earlier that to write an academic paper, we have to gather the data from different resources. While writing an academic paper, it is also necessary for you to include references for these resources in the references section of the assignment. There are two main benefits of including these references in the references section of the academic paper. First of all, these references tell readers about the quality of your academic paper. Secondly, these references save your academic paper from the plagiarism issues. Therefore, it is necessary for us to include these references in the references section of the academic paper. 

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In order to maximize the realization of opportunities within an organization, we have to get an idea about the possibilities of unfortunate events. The identification and evaluation process in which we try to evaluate these unfortunate events is known as risk management. For this reason, it is necessary for an organization to prepare an effective risk management plan. While preparing a risk management plan, students should come to know that these risks can come from various sources like uncertainty in the financial markets, legal liabilities and natural causes etc. Some essential tips to write a risk management plan are given below;


Understand how risk management plan works

In an organization, there are some risks that can become the cause of some negative as well as positive impacts within an organization. Before commencing the risk management plan writing task, you should try to understand these risks clearly and try to get an idea about the uncertainty of these risks. After clearly understanding these risks, you will be in a better position in creating the monument for your risk management plan. 

Get input from others

For this reason, first of all, you should brainstorm all the risks that can happen within an organization. After brainstorming these risks, you should gather all the expert people in your field and try to get their views about these risks. After getting the views of these experts, you will be in a better position in differentiating between the major and minor risks. 

Identify the consequence of each risk

While getting an idea about minor and major risks, you should try to get an idea of what will happen if a particular risk is materialized. You should also try to associate with each risk and try to get an idea about the consequences of this risk. Moreover, you should also try to be as specific as you can with these risks. 

Eliminate irrelevant issues

Sometimes, there is a possibility that you have considered such issues in the risks of your organization that are not relevant to your organization. While sorting out risks for your organization, you should also try to eliminate these risks. Its reason is that these risks can interrupt the repute of your risk management plan.

Assign probability

After preparing a list of the possible risks that can happen in your organization, you should try to assign probability numbers to these risks. There are two ways to assign a probability to these risks. First of all, you can assign High, Medium or Low signs to these risks. Secondly, if you can easily figure out the probability of these numbers, you can assign absolute numbers to these risks in the form of 1, 2 or 3 etc. 

Compute the total risks

After assigning probabilities to your risks, it is also necessary for you to compute the average value of these risks. For this reason, you should try to add all the numbers that are assigned to these risks and then divide these numbers with a total number of risks. After making this simple calculation, you will get a possible value. This value will provide you with an idea either the risk for your business is High, Low or Medium. 

Develop mitigation strategies

Now, you have got all the possibilities of risks that can happen within an organization. Mitigation means that you should try to devise such strategies that are helpful to you to minimize the probability of these risks within your organization. If the average value of these risks in your organization is low, there is no need to develop mitigation strategies. On the other hand, if the average value of these risks is either Medium or High, it is necessary for you to develop these mitigation strategies. With the help of these mitigation strategies, it will be possible for you to decrease the average value of these risks within your organization. 

Develop contingency plans

Sometimes, there is a possibility that you have enough idea that a particular risk will happen in the future within your organization, it is also necessary for you to develop a contingency plan for your risks. This contingency plan will provide you with an idea of what are the possible techniques that you can adopt to overcome these risks. While preparing this contingency plan, you should also keep in mind that these contingency plans are also prepared for those events which have High or Medium probabilities. There is no need to make contingency plans for those events that have Low contingencies. 

At the end of a risk management plan, you should try to get an idea about the effectiveness of your risk management plan. 

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A person who is able to create meaningful and interesting papers is known as an expert writer. As we know that this is information-heavy society and if you want to become an expert writer in this information-heavy society, you will have to acquire some essential skills and abilities. To become an expert writer, you will have to do more than just focusing on grammar and spelling. An expert writer has his own unique writing style and he tries to think different things from a new perspective. Teachers can learn lots of things from an expert writer. Some essential things that students can learn from an expert writer like Ph.D dissertation writing services writer, are given below;


1) Attention to details 

From an expert writer, a teacher can learn how to give attention to details by taking mental notes about subtle changes around him. This ability is not only helpful for a teacher to create inspiring content for an academic paper but it is also helpful for him to improve his proofreading skills. As a result, a teacher will be able to spot even the smallest mistakes while reading an academic paper. Moreover, he can also get an idea about those descriptive details that leave behind in an academic paper

2) Discipline 

A teacher can also learn from an expert writer about a disciplined approach to writing. That’s why a teacher will also try to focus on editing and re-writing after creating the first draft of an academic paper. A teacher also learns from an expert writer that he should constantly evaluate his written content. Moreover, a teacher can also learn that he should give equal importance to small as well as big writing projects. 

3) Clarity 

Most of the people think that good writing means that you should use complex words and sentences in your academic paper. A teacher can also learn from an expert writer that it is the wrong strategy because good writing means that you should explain complex thoughts in the simplest way that everyone can easily understand their meanings. This will be helpful for a teacher to break down the densest subject matter into simplest form. 

4) Strong vocabulary 

A teacher also learns from an expert writer that a strong vocabulary is an essential asset of an expert writer. Its reason is that if you use the same words again and again in your writing, these words will distract the attention of readers. Therefore, if you want to make your communication meaningful, you should incorporate your writing with the help of interesting and unusual words

5) Passion for reading 

After getting inspired by an expert writer, a teacher will get a passion for writing. Its reason is that passion for reading is helpful for a writer to clearly understand nuts and bolts of writing. It is a fact that the more one reads, the more he will be able to write and explain the same concept from different angles. Passion for reading is also helpful for a teacher to understand the structure and format of different academic papers. 

Along with these things, a teacher can also learn from an expert writer how to observe different things around us, how to become an imaginative writer and how to reproduce written content. 
Improving Writing Skills
If you want a prosperous academic life and you face difficulties and disappointments in academic writing due to poor writing skills, you need help before it is too late. Assignment writing services and dissertation writing services can provide you the perfect help in your assignments and you can get the assignments and essays from the experts of the industry. Assignment writing services and dissertation writing services have been very helpful to the students who face challenges in their work and who find it difficult to cope with day to day tasks. Assignment writing services have professional experts who do all the work, and these services provide help for every subject. There are few strategies through which you can make your writing skills better and enhance them to compete in the challenging and demanding time.
  • Pick up your old work, at least two months old assignments or essays and compare it with something recently written to track traces of improvement. See if there is any difference or improvement in your style.
  • Now check if you are able to relate the work with the objective of the work written. Does it make any sense to you? Read it by someone else’s point of view and rate your work and writing style out of 10.
  • Always learn to improve your work and accept it for a fact that your writing style needs improvement. If you have a bright student who is usually praised for his work, try and read his work. Visit the library for some well written dissertations and check their work and then proofread your dissertation. Learn from others and what they do and how they do it.
  • Most subjects in higher levels have very complicated terms used. When you are given an assignment to write, don’t squeeze in everything you know. Only use one term at a time only if you know its use and meaning.
  • Use new vocabulary and interesting choice of words in your content. Keep the stuff interesting and catchy and make it fun to read no matter what you are writing for and what the purpose is. If your work is boring and you repeat vocabulary too much, the reader might stop reading in the very start.
  • Make sure to read and follow the guidelines, it leaves an everlasting impression on the tutor or the reader in general. Know what is asked from you, are you supposed to write a paragraph with a limited number of words? Or are you to write few lines to write best essays and the exact number of lines are given? Pay attention to the requirements and pay close attention. Do not write under it and do not exceed it. You must know that you need to keep on the track and know the objective of writing, do not leave the track.

If you face difficulties in writing and if you are not satisfied with your style, you can hire the professional academic writers who will do you entire work with a professional edge as well as you can learn from their style and secure grades all at the same time.
Assignment Example
Assignments are a written work students get to do that has many aims and objectives. The aims and objectives and the types of assignment writing are usually dependent on the subject. You can get many types of assignments to write but it is important to know their differences. Knowing the types of assignments can help you get the best results and to help you get maximum marks in them. Your assignments are checked based on your problem solving skills, the time of submission and your writing style that you adopt by hiring assignment writing service. Other things that are considered while marking assignments are that if you understand the kind of assignment that was given to you and how well did you follow instructions. Based on the subject and course, your assignments can be of different types, for example:
  1. Essays
  2. Case Studies
  3. Reviews
  4. Reports
Essays: Essay is considered the easiest type of assignment writing. It requires the students to write about a specific topic. Essay follows a format of writing and it must be written based on that specific format. The essay starts with an ‘introduction’ where the topic is introduced generally without going in to a lot of details. Then there is ‘main body’ where the topic is explained and elaborated. This is the most detailed part of the essay. Essay ends in a ‘conclusion’. Assignment conclusion wraps up your essay and it simply concludes whatever is written in the essay.

Case Studies: A case study as the name suggests asks the student to find out about a person or an event and why something happened. It also follows a proper writing format. The case study can be disguised as a simple assignment so you should know the difference so that you can write it perfectly. Case study writing needs recommendations, references, implementation, a whole discussion that includes the method used and a summary or an overview. Do not confuse a case study with your regular assignment by thinking this is just an assignment with a twisted question.

Reviews: A critical analysis or a review is written to evaluate a publication or any piece of literature. It is written in order to find out if the purpose of the publication was fulfilled or not. Review studies the strategies and effectiveness of the content in the literature and presents and argument. It does not add new ideas and stick to the content under consideration.

Report: A report is written to present an investigation or a research. The writing process is lengthy and it starts with a title page, summary, introduction, procedures, findings and then conclusions. Depending on the type of report there are several other steps and parts of a report too.

Assignment writing is total hard work with the pressure of getting maximum marks in them. You can’t complete it in proper way without an assignment and dissertation writing help. They are also supposed to be delivered on time. If you think that a certain type of assignment is giving you a hard time, you can get help. Assignment writing services are online services that help students in their time restricted assignments.